Collagen is the most abundant protein in the human body. Relatively one-third of the protein found in the body is collagen. It is the main constituent of bones, muscles, tendons, and skin, and is also present in teeth and blood vessels. The word “collagen” originates from the Greek word “kólla,” which means glue.
More than 16 types of collagen have been identified in the body. Type I collagen, which represents about 90% of the collagen in the body, serves as a main structural unit of skin, bones, tendons, fibrous cartilage, and teeth.
Although collagen is naturally produced by the body, its production gradually declines with age. It has been suggested that an unhealthy diet, smoking, and exposure to UV light can damage collagen or impair production in the body. In contrast, Vitamin C supports normal collagen formation.
The history behind Vitamin C is one of the more well-known stories of all the vitamins. Scurvy is a Vitamin D deficiency disease that causes swollen and bleeding gums. Scurvy was first accounted for in 1550 BC when the Ebers Papyrus (an Egyptian medical book) assigned treatment as the consumption of onions. In 1535, a French ship was stranded in Canada. Native Americans provided the crew with a liquid concoction consisting of soaked bark from a local tree, which cured the scurvy outbreak amongst the crew onboard. But it wasn’t until 1747 when James Lind, a British naval surgeon, conducted a study on 12 men onboard a ship suffering from scurvy. Lind gave the men various additions to their diet and those given citrus fruits recovered remarkably. Albert Szent-Györgyi was awarded the Nobel Prize in 1937 for his discovery of Vitamin C, having isolated the vitamin from plant juices and animal tissues in 1928.
What are the benefits of vitamins?
Vitamin C contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal functioning of blood vessels, bones, cartilage, gums, skin, and teeth.
Vitamin C plays a role in normal energy-yielding metabolism.
Nervous system and psychological functioning:
Vitamin C supports the normal functioning of the nervous system and normal psychological function.
Vitamin C supports the normal functioning of the immune system.
Protection against oxidative damage:
Vitamin C contributes to the protection of cells from oxidative stress.
The feeling of tiredness:
Vitamin C contributes to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue.
Absorption of minerals:
Vitamin C increases the absorption of iron.